Let’s spend a while trying on the left-hand facet of this graph. The engagement piece implies enjoyment and pleasure. The arousal speaks to the necessity for some stress to impress a state of alertness; that is the optimistic facet of tension. Lastly, it is the interaction of all these dimensions that prepares us or paves the best way for that state of move, the place efficiency might be at its peak.
Notice that good anxiousness kicks in because the arousal degree begins to extend, together with a rise in focus/consideration. Arousal is measured partially by peripheral measures of autonomic exercise similar to coronary heart fee and pores and skin conduction. It is also measured by cortical exercise that may be detected by an EEG. Alongside this recruitment of arousal (optimistic power) and a focus is our curiosity or diploma of engagement. Collectively these elements assist make the efficiency take a pointy upward trajectory. It is on the very prime of the efficiency “mountain,” so to talk, when efficiency is perfect, which you can expertise move. This graph illustrates very nicely why traditional move shouldn’t be skilled fairly often. There are a variety of components that want to return collectively to be able to hit the top of true “Csikszentmihalyi move.”
One other ingredient that may predict an expertise of move is enchancment. Now, after all, “peak efficiency” is relative to anyone individual. My peak efficiency in taking part in the cello will at all times be wildly completely different from Yo-Yo Ma’s, however the potential of reaching my very own state of move no matter my ability degree provides to my motivation—I need to do higher; I need to enhance. This want is what triggers the reward community. We bear in mind the expertise of enjoyment as a result of the mind releases dopamine, which in flip feels good. It is this good feeling that we bear in mind and can need to repeat. The extra skillful you’re at one thing, the extra effectively your brain-body will carry out. The extra skillful you’re, the extra competent you are feeling. And the extra competent you are feeling, the extra relaxed you can be performing.
Wanting once more on the graph, it is essential to notice that all of us stroll a really fantastic line—you would possibly name it strolling on a razor’s edge— between the purpose of optimum efficiency the place move is feasible and succumbing to dangerous anxiousness and the efficiency drop that comes with it.
Tailored from an excerpt from Good Nervousness: Harnessing the Energy of the Most Misunderstood Emotion. Copyright © 2022 by Wendy Suzuki, Ph.D. Reprinted with permission from Simon & Schuster.